Australian Citizenship Lawyers

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Australian Citizenship

There are several different ways to become a citizen of Australia. The most common ways are by conferral or by descent.

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Australian Citizenship – Key Eligibility Requirements (by Descent)

To be eligible and receive Australian Citizenship by descent, you must:

  • Have been born outside Australia;
  • Ensure that the person you are claiming descent from was your parent at the time of your birth and was also an Australian Citizen at the time of your birth; and
  • Be of Good Character.

Australian Citizenship – Key Eligibility Requirements (by Conferral)

To be eligible and receive Australian Citizenship by conferral, you must:

  • Be a Permanent Resident of Australia or an eligible New Zealand Citizen;
  • Intend to live in Australia or maintain a lasting link with Australia whilst overseas;
  • Have spent time in Australia and know about the country;
  • Meet the Residence Requirement (see below);
  • Be of Good Character; and
  • Pass a Citizenship Test (if you’re between 18 and 59).
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At the time you apply for Citizenship you must have been:

  • living in Australia on a valid visa for the past 4 years;
  • a permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen for the past 12 months; amd
  • away from Australia for no more than 12 months in total in the past 4 years, including no more than 90 days in total in the past 12 months.

For children 16 or 17 years old, if meeting this requirement would cause significant hardship or disadvantage, you will need to provide proof.

Children under 16 do not need to meet the general residence requirement but must be permanent residents.

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You must understand what it means to be an Australian citizen. To assess this, most applicants will sit the citizenship test.

At the time you have an appointment, you must show that you have:

  • a basic knowledge of the English language;
  • an understanding of what it means to become an Australian citizen;
  • an adequate knowledge of Australia and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship; and
  • an understanding and commitment to Australian values based on freedom, respect and equality

If you score 75% or more on the citizenship test, and answer all 5 questions on Australian values correctly, then you meet the knowledge requirement.


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Helping People Just Like You

What matters to us most is what our clients have to say about their experience once everything has been resolved. Below are some of the messages we have received from people we’ve represented.

Marcus Nilsson (Pseudo)
Marcus Nilsson (.
I highly recommend Gold migration for everyone that is in need of help with their partner visas.Migrating to another country to be with the one you love can be a scary and frankly very confusing process with all the forms and relationship evidence that needs to be presented to Immigration. Luckily for me and my partner, our agent Emad Khraim, made the process a lot easier by giving us the confidence to and clarity to know what to focus on at any given time.With his friendly demeanor, Emad was never more than a phone call or mail away and he was always quick to reply to any enquiries we had, big or small (or stupid). With his expertise he made sure that we were always up to date on the latest immigration law changes and what piece of relationship evidence we should prioritize on procuring next, making this daunting (and at times overwhelming) process a lot less stressfull than it could have been had we gone about it alone. All in all it has been a absolute pleasure working with Emad and I can confidently say that we've been well taken care of all the way through this journey.As of now writing this, me and my partner were a couple of days ago granted our partner visa and we can't thank Gold migration enough for all their help they've provided in getting us more
Kevin john Thomas
Kevin john T.
I'd like to thank Walt Calis and the firm for their exceptional work on our partner visa.They made the process incredibly easy and made us feel comfortable regarding any questions we had.Our partner visa 820 was granted today and we are absolutely over the moon!After a few delays while trying to get a difficult police clearance, after everything was submitted, we still received the visa within 3 months which we never thought would be possible.If you have any doubt about going to Gold Migration, don't. We would never have been able to go through this process without them, and have the visa approved so quickly.Thank you and forever grateful!read more
Anya Tretyakova
Anya T.
Only 3 MONTHS from submission to approval for our Subclass 300 Marriage visa! It went beyond our expectations and Saemeh Ghasemi from Gold Migration was with us every step of the way. My partner and I chose this service after reading the many positive reviews and after I first met Saemeh via Zoom call, for our initial consultation. Saemeh is not only professional, but genuinely cares about her clients. We are so grateful we trusted Gold Migration and Saemeh Ghasemi - thank you!read more
Chirag Balyan
Chirag B.
I highly recommend gold migration. They are the best . Gold migration professional approach and attention to detail is incredible. All of gold staff are amazing, excellent communicators and provide a friendly efficient service.They take a personal interest in each and every case and I would highly recommend them .👍👍👍. I would like to thanks Walt calis and the entire gold team members who work so hard and with so much more
Sami Abdul
Sami A.
I was recommended to go to Gold Migration Lawyers earlier this year by a family friend to get assistance in applying for my wife’s onshore partner visa. Walt Calis was our lawyer there and he was fantastic. He was very approachable, caring and incredibly dedicated in helping us with the visa application from the very beginning. We were successful in getting my wife’s partner visa granted surprisingly in just under 3 months from the time the application was lodged, which was amazing. I’m really grateful for Gold Migration lawyers, and in particular Walt Calis for his honesty, openness and dedication, and I highly recommend him and Gold Migration Lawyers in general to anyone that is looking for assistance in lodging a partner visa more
Chen Kwang Vong
Chen Kwang V.
My partner and I had a very smooth, easy process applying for partner visa with Gold Migration Lawyers! Once we gathered and updated documents as requested we had no hitches getting it approved a couple months down the line. Would recommend for those worried/unfamiliar with visa application processes. Good communication and availability from them as well 🙂read more
My partner and I applied for Subclass 820/801 through Gold Migration Laywers and it was granted in less than a month. Whole process was streamlined and efficient. Big thank you to Emad, Ben and Kathryn.In the first consutaltion (face to face), Emad and Ben explained how the visa application process will be, including the expected timeframe. Preparing requirements were done via email communication. Emad provided us advice on documentations and ensured that we were on track.Before I had the first consultation I thought the application process would be tiring and time consuming. However, Gold Migration Lawyers made it so simple and easy!read more
Loretta Williams
Loretta W.
Thank you so much Gold Migration❤️❤️Biggest thank you to Benjamin Magill and Emad Khraim for helping through everything and for being so patient with me thank you thank youI would recommend you guys to anyoneGod bless you boysLove from Loretta and Soliread more
Anthony Trần
Anthony T.
ONLY 3 MONTHS FOR MY PARTNER VISA.My partner and I has been working towards our 820/810 Visa with Emad Khraim and Kathryn Tan from Gold Migration Lawyers.They have both provided exceptional services. They arranged an extremely easy frame work for us to approach our applications and guided us through the entire journey with professionalism and kindness.I can't be more happy with my experience with them and am glad that I did decided to place my trust in more

Australian Citizenship – frequently asked questions

If my parent was an Australian Citizen when I was born overseas, am I eligible for Australian Citizenship?

Yes, depending on your date of birth. As long as you can prove that they are your parent and that they were a Citizen or a Permanent Resident the day you were born.

If I am applying for Citizenship by Conferral, how long must I have spent in Australia before lodgement?

This is known as the Residence Requirement. You must have been a Permanent Resident or an eligible New Zealand Citizen for at least 12 months before lodgement, been living in Australia on a valid visa for at least 4 years, and not spent more than 12 months away from Australia in the past 4 years, or more than 90 days in the past 12 months.

Do I need to provide Police Records when applying for Citizenship?

Yes, you will need to. In most cases, you will need to provide Police Records from Australia and any country in which you have lived for more than 12 months in the past 10 years.

What is the “Citizenship Test”?

Depending on your age, it is a test which you will need to pass in order to obtain Citizenship. You will need to score 75% or more on the citizenship test, and answer all 5 questions on Australian values correctly.

What does the Citizenship Test contain?

The Citizenship Test contains questions on a wide range of topics, such as an understanding of what it means to become an Australian citizen, an adequate knowledge of Australia and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship and an understanding and commitment to Australian values based on freedom, respect and equality.

Would my parent and I need to provide a DNA test after I apply for Citizenship by Descent?

In some cases, yes. If you’re unable to find an original Birth Certificate, it is likely that the Department will request a DNA test.

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