Key Eligibility Requirements (by Descent)
To be eligible and receive Australian Citizenship by descent, you must:
- Have been born outside Australia;
- Ensure that the person you are claiming descent from was your parent at the time of your birth and was also an Australian Citizen at the time of your birth; and
- Be of Good Character.
Key Eligibility Requirements (by Conferral)
To be eligible and receive Australian Citizenship by conferral, you must:
- Be a Permanent Resident of Australia or an eligible New Zealand Citizen;
- Intend to live in Australia or maintain a lasting link with Australia whilst overseas;
- Have spent time in Australia and know about the country;
- Meet the Residence Requirement (see below);
- Be of Good Character; and
- Pass a Citizenship Test (if you’re between 18 and 59).
RESIDENCE REQUIREMENT FOR CITIZENSHIP BY CONFERRAL
At the time you apply for Citizenship you must have been:
- living in Australia on a valid visa for the past 4 years;
- a permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen for the past 12 months; amd
- away from Australia for no more than 12 months in total in the past 4 years, including no more than 90 days in total in the past 12 months.
For children 16 or 17 years old, if meeting this requirement would cause significant hardship or disadvantage, you will need to provide proof.
Children under 16 do not need to meet the general residence requirement but must be permanent residents.Claim your consultation
KNOWLEDGE OF AUSTRALIA FOR CITIZENSHIP BY CONFERRAL
You must understand what it means to be an Australian citizen. To assess this, most applicants will sit the citizenship test.
At the time you have an appointment, you must show that you have:
- a basic knowledge of the English language;
- an understanding of what it means to become an Australian citizen;
- an adequate knowledge of Australia and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship; and
- an understanding and commitment to Australian values based on freedom, respect and equality
If you score 75% or more on the citizenship test, and answer all 5 questions on Australian values correctly, then you meet the knowledge requirement.
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frequently asked questions
Yes, depending on your date of birth. As long as you can prove that they are your parent and that they were a Citizen or a Permanent Resident the day you were born.
This is known as the Residence Requirement. You must have been a Permanent Resident or an eligible New Zealand Citizen for at least 12 months before lodgement, been living in Australia on a valid visa for at least 4 years, and not spent more than 12 months away from Australia in the past 4 years, or more than 90 days in the past 12 months.
Yes, you will need to. In most cases, you will need to provide Police Records from Australia and any country in which you have lived for more than 12 months in the past 10 years.
Depending on your age, it is a test which you will need to pass in order to obtain Citizenship. You will need to score 75% or more on the citizenship test, and answer all 5 questions on Australian values correctly.
The Citizenship Test contains questions on a wide range of topics, such as an understanding of what it means to become an Australian citizen, an adequate knowledge of Australia and the responsibilities and privileges of citizenship and an understanding and commitment to Australian values based on freedom, respect and equality.
In some cases, yes. If you’re unable to find an original Birth Certificate, it is likely that the Department will request a DNA test.